About the Author

Gaurav Chadha

I am an undergraduate student at IP University majoring in Computer Science and Engineering. I am passionate about open-source, web development, software engineering, and UX/UI designing. My working principle is learning and sharing knowledge. Apart from coding, I love to cook Indian and Italian food as well. Yoga and workout are also in my daily routine.


Meshery is the world's only collaborative cloud manager.

Lee Calcote and Mrittika Ganguli presented MeshMark: Service Mesh value measurement at ServiceMeshCon Europe 2022.

Lee Calcote is an innovative product and technology leader, passionate about empowering engineers and enabling organizations. As the founder and CEO of Layer5, he is at the forefront of the cloud native movement. Mrittika Ganguli is the Director Cloud Native Data Plane, Principle Engineer and Network Architect at Intel.

Developers need to access service mesh

What is Meshmark?

MeshMark is a performance index that measures the value and overhead of your cloud native environment. By converting performance measurements into insights about the value of individual, cloud native application networking functions, MeshMark distills a variety of overhead signals and key performance indicators into a simple index.

Developers need to access service mesh

Talk started with a question to audience: Missing performance characteristics?

We are missing some performance characteristics, as people has many metrics used to track environments it might take a while to articulate the characteristics performance of your environment.

Lee Calcote

Lee Calcote explains about "Business Performance"

We're quite frequently overlooking business performance, which is in large respect to why we're running the infrastructure in the first place. We usually talk about performance and cold, hard, quantitative speeds and feeds, but instead, I would submit to you that performance should absolutely be measured in terms of speeds and feeds, but it's a lot more meaningful to layer in the value and to quantify the value that your infrastructure is providing. So we're really kind of missing the business performance aspects of what we're tracking, how we're characterizing.

Developers need to access service mesh

Introduction to Service Mesh Performance

The Service Mesh Performance project falls under the umbrella of CNCF project. This project is, at its core, probably a specification for capturing the details of your environment in a uniform way, in a consistent way, capturing your infrastructure configuration, your service mesh configuration, and characterizing the details of your workloads and doing so consistently such that you can baseline your environments. You can benchmark them in a consistent way, share with others, maybe compare with the performance that others are having. To the extent that it's codified, you can have system to system exchange of this information.

Mrittika Ganguli introduces MeshMark with an example

MeshMark is a Cloud Native value measurement, from value you are essentially trying to measure if the performance of your infrastructure matches what you want to get from your deployment, what kind of value you want to get, business value you want to get from your deployment. So, for example, if you have some key performance indicators, do you want to measure whether the MeshMark value is directly responsible for how your video gets loaded or your image gets loaded on a particular webpage.

Are my resources utilized as best as possible? Why am I not getting the SLO met with 4 resources when I only needed 1 resource without the service mesh? How can I improve my 99.9% latencies or can I map my service policy to utilization? Is the network a performance hog, or storage, or cache? Meshmark intends to help model and provide an index for many of these areas

Mrittika Ganguli
So often you see when you have a YouTube video uploaded, it will have only the text and not the video.

And so what happens is you do not want that kind of an experience. You want the video to be and the images to be loaded first. As you can see in video if you click on something, you may often see the text get rendered first and then the video. The load latency of the video traffic is what impacts you see visually. And so the deployment of your cloud native environment. If it can be indexed through a MeshMark ratio, your load latency will be directly proportional to that and then the number of resources you're using to deploy this environment to get a particular lower latency or a higher latency is a usage metric and that's directly proportional to your MeshMark. The TCO of your application hence becomes directly related to MeshMark.

meshmarkmeshmark example

MeshMark formula

MeshMark The Formula

MeshMark functions as a value performance index (a scale) to provide organizations the ability to weigh the value of their service mesh versus the overhead of their service mesh and assess whether they are getting out of the mesh what they are “paying” for in it. MeshMark’s scoring system ranges from 0 to 100 and incorporates collections of resource utilization efficiency calculations, categorized into similar consumption classes.

Mrittika explains MUE

It's a calculation, combined ratio of measured platform resources to assign resources. If you're able to measure what your assigned resources are in whatever form and able to also monitor what's the used resources, you can have this ratio. So, for example, a very simple one is CPU performance.MeshMark MUE And you would want to see if the CPU performance as a ratio to the available resources is a loss or a gain. So CPU performance, raw loss over total CPU is our MUE one. And that's just one minus CPU utilization over 100. That's a very simple ratio and if you see on the slide, the graph shows you that as the latency increases, your Mue lowers. And so that's a very good indicator that your efficiency of your infrastructure is not very good because your latencies are increasing as your QPS increases. So like this you can measure and create other MUEs. We will look at how you can visualize this within an environment and so let's look at the demonstration. So let's jump into a sibling CNCF project called Meshery. Meshery is a cloud native management plane. Users of Meshery can configure their Kubernetes deployments any and every service mesh as well as on board and off board their workloads onto any given mesh.

MeshMap demo

Lee demonstrates MeshMap with an example Consul application

Let's take an example workload a Consul application, load it into the visual designer, take a look at the service splitting functionality of console and note in this case we're assigning a weight of three when we can change that to four to derive its MeshMark which is a mesh utilization efficiency calculation of the efficiency by which that network function is being performed. We could also take a look at service intentions of console and examine the efficiency of that network function. Now that you've seen the demo you want to go ahead and publish the results and call everyone to get together.

MeshMark in Meshery (an excerpt from ServiceMeshCon EU 2022 demo)

Lee Calcote and Mrittika Ganguli covered all the concepts of SMP and MeshMark in this great talk. Learn more about MeshMark on the Service Mesh Performance website.

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Layer5, the cloud native management company

An empowerer of engineers, Layer5 helps you extract more value from your infrastructure. Creator and maintainer of cloud native standards. Maker of Meshery, the cloud native manager.